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Referat :: Lonely
Loneliness and Power of Creation
Mary Shelley -Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus
Daniel Defoe - Robinson Crusoe
Observing social and moral issues in literary works one can easily remark their tight relationship, perhaps we could even call it interdependance but there are pieces of work where these issues are vital and generate the whole narrative web.
Among these issues there are some wich are deeply delicate because they referr to our very intimate mental stucture and touch the most important human feature: sociability and the lack of it that is loneliness. Being alone, no human could ever proove his humanhood.
I would like to proove the social reminiscences of man in isolation and in direct relationship his power to create a new social system or at least a set of social rules to follow. I chose " Frankenstein" and " Robinson Crusoe" because of their deep influence upon modern and postmodern art and literature but also because of their cultural background and complexity.
One can easily observe the almost vulgar image of these two caracters, wich exists at this moment, they have endured a desacralisation because modern society has a phobia of loneliness and it has grown either into a taboo or into banality but if we get rid of prejudice we seize the contemporary dimensions of this theme.
Loneliness has different patterns in the two novels, Robinsons' is a natural loneliness, an unwilling detachement from the world with feeble temptatives to escape because he is able to appreciate loneliness. This resignation has been analyzed by various critics and it has been given a political sense. I, myself have sensed the idea of power, political and social power. Robinson is a god and the governor of his island, he is the messenger of God the Allmighty. He is not antisocial, he even tries to create a new England in those remote surroundings. Readers are impressed by his sense of organization and by his making a set of rules, social and political ones, though his subjects are nothing but animals in the beginning, but these animals recognize him as the master they totally depend on him. This type of loneliness creates a " homo domesticus" able to create an adequate habitat and even a home.
Frankensteins' monster is also solitary and lonesome allthough not isolated but his type of loneliness is not a natural one, he is isolated and rejected by society, he is not willing to be lonesome he is notable to create a set of rules and govern upon the others, not even upon himself. This is the main difference between Robinson and the monster, the lattercannot pass over his condition and create a system. I would like to stress upon the fact that both possess power but the monsters' is purely physical so he reacts very agressively to loneliness.
Theoretically they are both in the same situation: as God sent Robinson in exile, the creator of the monster, Frankenstein has thrown his creation in loneliness.
If we look closely in their exhibition of power they both give signs of weakness, Robinson by fencing his Castle. the monster by hiding even before he knows he is hideous. This weakness is paradoxically the source of their power of creation and it will generate attitudes, happenings in order to hide itself. I must admit, the monsters' situation is much more complex and needs further eexplanations: Frankensteins' monster is not a typical gothic monster, he is neither the quintessence of good nor of the evil, he develops from positive to negative but the writer took the blame of him and attributed it to his creator
The main issues here are moral and religious and they are very delicate subjects to wich I will not referr but I mustintroduce the idea of teh creators' responsability for the monster. Mary Shelley describes Frankensteins' eagerness to create the monster and then operates an antithesis betweenthis feverish excitement and and the disgust he feels at watching his creation, his work gives him nosatisfaction and he believes that he, the allmighty can abandon his work when seeing taht the beauty of his dream had vanished.
Robinson is very self conscious but the monster isn't, he is lost, confused and has no values whatsoever nor the gift of speech so I dare call him an abandoned baby child and consequently innocent.
Robinson is quite mature as he reaches the island but the monster isn't when he is abandoned.
At first both fear civilization and people, Robinson fears the cannibals, the monster fears the French family wich he helps. This fear will grow into a desire to dominate and create with Robinson and into a desire to dominate and destroy with the monster At this moment they interact deeply with society, Robinson by saving Friday from imminent death and the monster by killing Frankensteins younger brother. I would call this moment the climax of their loneliness a standpoint in wich both choose their final position: Robinson chooses politica...
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