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Referat :: London var 3
London is the capital of the United Kingdom. It is situated in the southeaster England at the head of the River Thames estuary. The city of London and 32 surrounding boroughs constitute the Greater London metropolitan area which comes some 1580 square kilometers (13 inner boroughs of which Chelsea is the most popular and 19 outer boroughs of which just Greenwich is known)London is still one of the worlds major financial and cultural capitals. Whit a population of about 7 million this vast metropolis is by far the larges in Europe.
Sights to see:
The Thames River which runs through London is the most important river in England and the main source of water supply. Most of central London is located along the Thames and a number of bridges over the river connect the northern and southern parts of London.
The seat of the British government is in London in The House of Parliament, officially the New Palace of Westminister. Parliament consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The current building was build in the mid 19-th century and was designed by British architect Sir Charles Barry.
Big Ben is the great bell in the Clock Tower on the eastern end of the Houses of Parliament. It was named after Sir Benjamin Hall, London chief commissioner of works in 1858 when the bell was hung.
Westminster Abbey, built in Gothic style has been the scene of coronation of sovereigns from William the Conqueror in 1066 to Elizabeth] [ in 1953. One of the greatest treasures of the Abbey is the oaken Coronation Chair, maid in the 1300.
Buckingham Palace in Westminster is the official London residence of the British sovereign. Its interior is opened to the public during August and September while the queen is on vacation, contains many elegantly furnished apartments and noted collections of Paintings. The famous changing of the guards takes place outside Buckingham Palace.
The Crystal Palace built entirely of cast iron and glass, was designed by architect Sir Joseph Paxton for the first universal fair, the Great Exebition of 1851. The fair drew more than 6 million visitors to see an estimated eight miles of display tables located inside the Crystal Palace.
10 Downing Street has been the home of the British Prime Minister since 1732. It is the symbol of British political power.
St. Pauls Cathedral is the most impressive church in London, began in 1675 to a design by Cristop ver Wren. It was built to replace the old St. Pauls Cathedral that was destroyed by the Great Fire of London in 1666.
London Zoo is in the heart of London, on the north side of Regents Park. Today the Zoo looks after over 12000 animals whit 650 species accommodated of which 112 species are listed as threatened in Red Data books and 146 participate in breeding programmes.
Piccadilly Circus is one of the busiest attractions in the city and the heart of Londons theatre land. The fountain with the statue of Eros on top is a favourite meeting place for young people. At night the circus becomes a mass of coloured, changing lights.
Trafalgar Square, named in commemoration of a great English naval victory is dominated by the statue of the victorious Admiral, Lord Nelson. People and pigeons gather here to see and enjoy the fountains, the lions and the other statues.
London itself is a living museum, with more than 2000 years of history and culture. But it also boasts one of the greatest concentrations of museums of any city in the world, more than 100.
The British Museum shows the work of man from prehistoric times to the present day. There are permanent displays of antiquities from Egypt, Western Asia, Greece and Rome. It also includes one of the most famous libraries in the world.
Madam Tussauds is the first waxworks museum in the world from 1835 and is now one of the most popular tourist attractions in London with over 2 million visitors a year. The Baker Street based attraction has a huge range of models of famous people from different walks of life. New models are being produced all the time while people who have become less famous are removed from displays and put in storage.
The National Gallery situated on the north side of Trafalgar Square, houses one of the richest collections of paintings, of which the most are Renaissance and Impressionist works.
Other museums are the Victoria and Albert Museum and across the street are the Natural History Museum, with its dinosaurs, and the Science Museum which includes a renovated section on the history of medicine. The Museum of London, next to the city Barbican Centre, effectively introduces visitors to Londons history by walking them through successive eras.
1. Situated in Belgravia and Westminster:
THE GRENADIER The Inn was originally the Duke of Wellington's officers mess, and directly outside in the old Barrack Yard is the remaining stone of the Duke's mounting block, whilst an archw...
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